Aspiring teachers appearing for teacher eligibility tests have many options, such as CTET and UPTET, which vary on the scale of difficulty, pattern etc. Candidates preparing for TET 2022, UPTET, and CTET must be familiar with the examinations to make an informed decision about careers.

We will explain the relevant and vital comparative study of CTET and UPTET in this article and conclude with a perspective on the difficulty level of these exams for teachers’ eligibility.

Comparative Analysis of CTET and UPTET Syllabus, Exams, and more

Here is a comparison between the CTET and UPTET exam on different parameters such as governing body, application fee, eligibility, etc.

Governing Body

CTET stands for Central Teachers Eligibility Test, and UPTET stands for Uttar Pradesh Teacher Eligibility Test. The names clearly indicate the difference between the two examinations - CTET is a central exam for candidates across India and UPTET is the TET 2022 exam in Uttar Pradesh.

The CTET 2022 exam follows the rules and guidelines furnished according to Central Government legislation. Qualified teachers are appointed across India for schools operated under the Central Government.

The UPTET exam is regulated by the Uttar Pradesh State Government for various schools within the state. The State Government decides the UPTET syllabus.

Frequency, Age and Other Eligibility

  • CTET is conducted twice a year, and UPTET is held once a year.
  • The minimum age requirement for CTET is 17 years and above. The eligible age bracket for UPTET is 18 to 35 years.
  • The medium of exams for both CTET and UPTET is Hindi and English.
  • The mode of exam is online for CTET and offline for UPTET.

Exam and Application Fees 2022


  • General Candidates: INR 1,000
  • SC/ST/PWD: INR 500


  • General Candidates: INR 600
  • SC/ST: INR 400
  • Differently Abled Person: INR 100

Aside from the differences, here are some similarities between CTET and UPTET. To prepare for both examinations, BYJU’s Exam Prep provides comprehensive guidance and preparation for both exams, whether it is CTET or UPTET. The online video learning platform contains expert resources and tutors to provide training for candidates to excel in their teacher training exams.

Similarities between CTET and UPTET

Here are some similarities between CTET and UPTET in terms of eligibility criteria, exam pattern and subjects.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Applicants are required to have passed senior secondary with a minimum of 50 per cent marks and a B.Ed. Degree for both the CTET 2022 and the UPTET exams.
  • Candidates are required to fulfil the eligibility criteria before appearing for Paper 1 and Paper 2 of the CTET and UPTET syllabus.

Exam Pattern of UPTET and CTET

The CTET 2022 and UPTET syllabus and patterns are almost the same. Both exams consist of 150 questions with an exam duration of 150 minutes. Paper 1 is for candidates pursuing a teaching career for Classes 1st to 5th.

Candidates interested in a teaching career for classes 6th to 8th need to appear for Paper 2. For Classes 1 to 8, candidates are required to appear for both Paper 1 and Paper 2.

Subjects for CTET and UPTET Syllabus

Paper 1:

  • Child Development and Pedagogy
  • First Language (Compulsory) and Pedagogy
  • Second Language (Compulsory) and Pedagogy
  • Mathematics and Pedagogy
  • Environmental Studies and Pedagogy

Paper 2:

  • Child Development and Pedagogy
  • First Language (Compulsory) and Pedagogy
  • Second Language (Compulsory) and Pedagogy
  • Mathematics & Science and Pedagogy or Social Science/Social Studies and Pedagogy

Though the exam pattern and syllabus are the same, the content and intent of the questions differ between CTET and UPTET. In UPTET, questions are focused on knowledge of the topic and subject, whereas CTET 2022 focuses more on teaching abilities and decision-making, along with a deep understanding of the subject. The question emphasises comparatively more on the pedagogy element.


According to analysis and observation, CTET is comparatively more difficult than UPTET. Though the syllabus for CTET and UPTET are similar, their pattern is the same, and the difference lies in the magnitude of the exams. CTET is a central teacher eligibility test, and UPTET is a State TET exam. It means the former is more competitive than the latter.

In addition, CTET and UPTET primarily select the quality of teachers for schools at the national and state levels, respectively, with a similar process.